60s Rock 'n Roll Headline News
Singer/songwriter Jesse Belvin dies in a car crash following a concert in February. Two months later Eddie
Cochran dies at 21 in a car crash while on tour in England with Gene Vincent.
The attempted mainstream watering down of rock continues with the birth of dance records, specifically the
twist which has adults taking part as well as kids and becomes the most widespread dance craze since the Charleston ruled the
The Shirelles launch the girl group era with "Will You Love Me Tomorrow" which manages to get sex back into
songs under the veil of innocence.
Motown Records makes its first splash with "Shop Around" a #1 R&B hit by The Miracles.
Roy Orbison has his first major hit with "Only The Lonely" and helps to alter rock songwriting of the 60's to
focus on more introspective issues.
The Ventures hit instrumental "Walk - Don't Run" leads to the creation of surf-rock which brings the electric
guitar back into prominence.
Elvis Presley is discharged from the Army and immediately scores a series of hit singles and albums upon his
return with a slightly less menacing, more mature persona.
Rock's second era begins in earnest with the debut of Del Shannon's "Runaway" which is the first pure unadorned and uptempo rocker to hit #1 on the Pop Charts in
almost a year. The song also introduces the "musitron", an early form of the synthesizer.
The Marvelettes "Please Mr. Postman" becomes the first #1 Pop
hit released on a black owned and operated label - Motown.
A widespread revival of the mid-50's vocal group sound results in the re-appearance on the charts and
airwaves of dozens of songs from 1954-1957 and the brief resurgence of similarly styled newer groups.
"Frat Rock" begins to show up with Gary "US" Bonds hit "Quarter To Three" with its emphasis on a frenzied
atmosphere rather than on intricate production.
Soul music starts gaining a foothold with hits by Sam Cooke, James Brown, Solomon Burke and former Drifters
lead signer Ben E. King, who's "Stand By Me" is a #1 R&B record.
Elvis Presley gives his last live performance for eight years.
Motown continues to expand its power-base scoring #1 R&B hits by both Mary Wells and the Contours and
while attracting musical talent from all over Detroit that will soon result in the label becoming the biggest in the
Southern soul has its first major hit with the instrumental "Green Onions" by Booker T. & The
The surf music craze, begun by instrumentalists in the previous few years, adds vocals when the Beach Boys
score their first hit "Surfin' Safari".
Surf-rock guitarist Dick Dale debuts the new Fender Reverb amplifier.
The pacific-northwest becomes a hotbed for "garage bands" such as The Sonics, The Kingsmen and The Wailers
which signals a more rebellious youthful aesthetic coming back to rock.
The Four Seasons greaser vocal harmonies explodes on the scene with three consecutive #1 hits in the waning
months of the year.
50's legends Fats Domino, Clyde McPhatter, The Everly Brothers, LaVern Baker and Bo Diddley score their final
major hits after a decade in the spotlight.
Marking drastic change from only a few years back female artists account for nearly half of all Number One
R&B hits in the calendar year.
- Surf-rock lands dozens of guitar led instrumentals on the charts while the Beach Boys dominate the airwaves with
a string of hit singles and three Top Ten albums in this year alone and are joined on the scene by Jan & Dean who notch the only surf
rock #1 hit with "Surf City".
The Girl Group sound explodes as Phil Spector becomes the dominant producer in rock churning out hits by the
Ronettes, Crystals and Darlene Love, while others such as
Lesley Gore and The Chiffons top the charts as well.
Motown leads a revitalization of R&B with huge successes by Martha & The Vandellas, The Miracles, Mary Wells,
Marvin Gaye and the first hit by the 12 year genius "Little" Stevie Wonder.
James Brown's album "Live At The Apollo" becomes the first LP by a pure R&B artist
to hit the Top Five on the album charts and introduces the chitlin' circuit show and raw soul music to America.
Wolfman Jack begins broadcasting via a half million watt
radio station, XERF out of Mexico. The powerful "border radio" stations are famous for their wild on-air activities and powerful broadcast
signals that allow them to be heard across the entire North American continent, making Wolfman Jack the most famous rock 'n' roll DJ in the
Early records by a British group called the Beatles fail to make an impact in America when they are released by
various companies who note the limited interest and decline to pick up their distribution option.
Rock 'n' roll has its first major shakeup in nearly a decade when in late January "I Want To Hold Your Hand" by The
Beatles tops the US Pop charts.
In February The Beatles appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show receives record ratings
as Beatlemania explodes worldwide.
Four of the six #1 records between February and June are by the Beatles, a
feat surpassed only by Elvis Presley in 1956.
Bands from England flood American shores with the Merseybeat sound overtaking the airwaves through June, resulting in the
term "The British Invasion". By summer however American acts regain their footing with the two resident hit-makers The Beach Boys and The Four Seasons topping
the charts in July.
The Beatles first film, "A Hard Day's Night" opens to rave reviews as the Beatles abandon their pop-band image for more
complex songs on the soundtrack.
The next wave of the British Invasion featuring groups based in blues and R&B such as the Rolling Stones, Kinks and
Animals follows by mid-summer and their raunchier style quickly makes the more restrained
pop-sounding Merseybeat bands obsolete.
The second musical explosion of the year happens when Motown strikes back with its biggest hits to date by the
Temptations, Four Tops and its newest group The Supremes who score three #1's in the final five months of the year.
The Rhythm & Blues Charts are discontinued for 1964 as Billboard magazine feels they've become indistinguishable from
the Pop Charts. In just over a year they'll resume publication of The R&B Charts when the style of music becomes more popular
Feminist stances are taken in Dionne Warwick's "Don't Make Me Over" and Lesley Gore's "You Don't Own Me", marking the
first time in mainstream rock that hit records espouse those emerging viewpoints.
Sam Cooke, soul music's biggest star, is shot and killed by a woman at a hotel on December 10th. It is rock music's most
publicized casualty since Buddy Holly's death in early 1959.
Bob Dylan "plugs in" at the Newport Folk Festival marking the shift from acoustic folkie to rock 'n'
Folk-rock is ushered in by The Byrds doing a cover of "Mr. Tambourine Man" which help introduce its author Bob
Dylan to a wider audience.
Protest-rock follows focusing on such topics as the escalating war in Vietnam with "Eve Of Destruction" by
Barry McGuire, to the civil rights battles in America exemplified by "People Get Ready" by the Impressions, to simple anti-authority
songs such as the Rolling Stones surly #1 hit "Satisfaction".
Martha & The Vandellas "Dancing In Streets" is used as a rallying cry when racial riots ignite in Watts
during the summer and Los Angeles DJ The Magnificent Montague's slogan, "Burn Baby Burn" takes on new meaning as the community goes
up in flames.
Blues-rock hits its high point with The Yardbirds, The Who, The Pretty Things and The Paul Butterfield Blues
Band turning out acclaimed records in the aggressive style.
Southern soul scores its first major breakthroughs with Wilson Pickett, Otis Redding, Solomon Burke and Joe
Tex notching huge hits that cut across racial boundaries.
James Brown makes a startling and abrupt shift from pure soul to a rhythm-based
new invention of his own making called "funk" with the hits "Papa's Got A Brand New Bag" and "I Got You".
The Beatles and Elvis Presley, the two biggest names in rock history, meet for the only time at Presley's Los Angeles
home. While there John Lennon boldly asks his idol why he doesn't record rock 'n' roll anymore.
The first rock concert movie "The T.A.M.I. Show" is filmed in Santa Monica featuring The Beach Boys, Rolling
Stones, Supremes, Jan & Dean, Miracles, Marvin Gaye, Chuck Berry and a show stopping performance by James Brown.
Alan Freed, who coined the term "rock 'n' roll" and introduced it to white America a decade earlier, dies broke and
forgotten at age 44 of alcoholism.
The Beatles perform their final live concert at Candlestick Park in San Francisco, on August
Complexity in rock reaches new heights with the Beatles "Rubber Soul" album and is quickly responded to by the
Beach Boys "Pet Sounds" which ignites the studio-era of rock 'n' roll as records become artistic statements.
Southern soul music gets its first Pop #1 with Percy Sledge's "When A Man Loves A Woman".
After releasing his classic "Blonde On Blonde" album, Bob Dylan goes into seclusion in upstate New York for
over a year following a motorcycle accident.
Riots break out on the Sunset Strip in Los Angeles where rock 'n' roll club patrons and authorities
Psychedelic rock music begins its meteoric climb as the Byrds "Eight Miles High", The Beach Boys "Good
Vibrations" and The Count Five's "Psychotic Reaction" bring the avant garde sound to the world.
Rock 'n' roll proves too popular for mainstream television not to take advantage of and so a show based on a
rock band called "The Monkees" debuts in the fall to high ratings. Debate rages over their qualifications as a real group despite the
fact their first record hit #1 before the show was even on the air.
Rock music becomes the counter-culture seal of approval as psychedelia hits and San Francisco becomes the
focal point of the new rock era with groups such as the Jefferson Airplane, Big Brother & The Holding Company and The Grateful
Dead enter into the mainstream.
The Summer Of Love kicks off with the first rock festival at Monterey, California featuring explosive
performances by The Who, Otis Redding and the American debut of the Jimi Hendrix Experience.
Aretha Franklin dominates their airwaves with her first soul records on her way to becoming the most popular
female singer in rock history.
The Doors first album hits #2 and its lead single "Light My
Fire" reaches #1 , making it the most successful debuts of the late 60's.
The Kinks are prevented from appearing in America, a ban that lasts three years at the height of their
The Beatles "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band" album becomes a cultural benchmark and even wins the
Grammy for "Album Of The Year", the first rock record given that award.
Otis Redding dies in a plane crash December 10th, just 3 days after recording what would be his biggest hit,
"Dock Of The Bay". He was just 26 years old.
After struggling to compete with rock music since its inception, the pop music industry gains a footing by
churning out young artists in an image conscious fashion attempting to lure younger teens, a style that came to be known as
"bubblegum" which quickly began infiltrating the AM airwaves.
Cutting edge rock music responds by appearing on the newly created FM radio outlets, considered an
"underground" means of dispersal favoring longer singles, more controversial material and less restrictive styles.
Soul music has its biggest year ever with all 20 R&B #1 hits that year falling into the "soul" category as
the music takes on a greater overall prominence in society following the assassination of Civil Rights leader Martin Luther King Jr.
Motown responds to the growing influence of deeper soul and the psychedelic soul of Sly and The Family Stone
by pushing its own artists towards a less pop-friendly style, resulting in major hits by Marvin Gaye and The
Turbulence within the Beatles doesn't hurt their appeal as they score their biggest single ever, "Hey Jude", and use their creative differences to their advantage by releasing a double LP
comprised of each members individual contributions that comes to be known as "The White Album".
After defining the harder blues based rock "super-group", Cream gives its final performance in November at the
Royal Albert Hall in England and breaks up shortly thereafter.
The term "heavy metal" first appears in the Steppenwolf song "Born To Be Wild".
After spending most of the decade wallowing in lackluster film projects Elvis Presley returns to prominence in
a highly rated television show later dubbed "The '68 Comeback Special" in which, dressed head to toe in leather, he performs his old
hits in explosive fashion. The sit-down segment of the show is later used as the prototype for MTV's "Unplugged"
On January 29th, The Beatles perform in public for the final time as a group in an impromptu rooftop jam
session in England. They record their final sides together in August of that year.
Hard-rock fully emerges from the experimentation's of the past few years as Led Zeppelin releases their first
The Who release "Tommy", the first widely successful "rock-opera".
Diana Ross leaves the Supremes, who were the most successful female and black group in history, for a solo
FM radio's incursions continue with each new station playing only one or two "formats" which has the
unfortunate result of splitting music on stylistic and often racial grounds rather than the previously all-inclusive policy of AM
Elvis Presley scores his 18th, and final, #1 Pop Hit of his
career. He'd score 36 different #1 hits on all American charts combined, a record for rock performers.
The Doors lead singer Jim Morrison is arrested for indecent exposure during a concert in
"Kick Out The Jams" by The MC5 introduces the prototype for punk rock.
The Isley Brothers, who's ten year career to date has resulted in only three large hits, start their own
label, T-Neck, and score a major smash with the single "It's Your Thing", their first funk record as that style replaces soul music
as the predominant force on the R&B Charts.
Two highly publicized rock concerts mark the end of the decade as first the music festival Woodstock in upstate New York marks the spiritual conclusion to the sixties and then in December,
a concert at the Altamont Speedway in California headlined by the Rolling Stones turns disastrous as a man is killed by the Hell's
Angels hired for security for the event.
Wynonie Harris, who in 1948 may have been the first true rock singer, dies at the age of